Publications



Areas of Research


I joined Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore in 1987 for Doctoral Programme and did research in soil behavior and unsaturated soils. I worked in Central Road Research Institute, New Delhi for about four years and in Purdue University Lafayette for a year during 1992-97. During my stay at Purdue during 1995-96, I was drawn towards probabilistic modeling as it offers a means of handling uncertainties and variability in Geotechnical Engineering. Soil variability influences the geotechnical responses such as stress mobilization, failure mechanisms, flow patterns and variations of stresses and deformations and hence the performance of geotechnical system cannot be assessed with certainty. Hence in the recent years, I have been working in the area of reliability analysis of geotechnical systems such as buried pipes, shallow and deep foundations, slopes, retaining walls, reinforced retaining walls etc. I have been dealing with geosynthetics and soil reinforcement since 1992 after joining Central Road Research Institute, New Delhi as Scientist. I have been working on the use of geosynthetics and soil nailing & soil reinforcement in many slope stability and ground improvement projects and compiled guidelines for soil nailing for Highway Engineering which are published by Indian Roads Congress (IRC). Earthquake of Bhuj during 2001 in India spurred some work in the area of Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering. I worked in collaboration projects on shear strength and settlement response of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) during 95-1996 at Purdue University, Lafayette USA and also on stability of clay cover and liner systems in Germany as Humboldt Fellow during 1999-2000. In collaboration with Prof. Krishna R. Reddy, Professor of Civil & Environmental Engineering University of Illinois at Chicago and it has been possible to develop a constitutive model for MSW. A few consulting works led to interesting geotechnical solutions and formed the basis for research ideas and publications. Hence, you find my publications in the following areas;

  • Probabilistic methods in Geotechnical Engineering

  • Soil Reinforcement and Geosynthetics

  • Environmental Geotechnics and Soil Behaviour

  • Earthquake Engineering and Soil dynamics

  • Pavement Engineering

A total of over 100 papers in journals and 100 in conferences have been published. Recently, I have been also working as associate faculty with i) Center for infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning (CiSTUP) and ii) Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly known as ASTRA). These centres of excellence have research activities which have direct applications in decision making in the government sector and in the field. With my background and expertise, I will be working on design methods in Pavement Engineering based on probabilistic methods including modeling, use of geosynthetics and soil reinforcement, rural roads, infrastructure, geo-environmental Engineering and waste management.

International journals


  1. G.L. Sivakumar Babu, G L, P. Lakshmikanthan and L.G. Santhosh (2015) Shear strength characteristics of mechanically biologically treated municipal solid waste (MBT-MSW) from Bangalore, Waste Management Journal.

  2. Sujitha, S, Geetha Manjari k Sampurna Datta and G L Sivakumar Babu (2015) Risk and reliability analysis of multibarrier system for near-surface disposal facilities ASCE J. Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste. (in print).

  3. Deepthi, M D and Sivakumar Babu G L (2014) Influence of Anisotropy on Pavement Responses using Adaptive Sparse Polynomial Chaos Expansion ASCE J. Materials. Eng. (in print).

  4. Geetha Manjari, K, Balaji Rao and G L Sivakumar Babu (2015) Stochastic Model for Settlement: Footings on Cohesionless soil, International Journal of Georisk -Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards, Taylor & Francis Group. (in Print)

  5. Geetha Manjari K, Neeraja V S, G L Sivakumar Babu (2015) Effect of Anisotropy of Fibers on stress strain response of Fiber Reinforced Soil, International Journal of Geomechanics, ASCE. (in Print)

  6. G L Sivakumar Babu and Lakshmikanthan P (2015) Estimation of the components of municipal solid waste settlement, Waste Management & Research, Sage Publications.

  7. Rajib B. Mallick, Bao-Liang Chen, A. Veeraragavan, G. L. Sivakumar Babu and Sankha Bhowmick (2014) Reduction of Pavement High Temperature with the Use of Thermal Insulation Layer and High Reflectivity Surface, International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology 7(2), 135-144.

  8. Sivakumar Babu G L and J Raja (2015) Rehabilitation of distressed retaining walls using soil nails, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Ground Improvement (in print).

  9. Sivakumar Babu G L, Krishna R. Reddy and Amit Srivastava (2014) Influence of Spatially Variable Geotechnical Properties of MSW on Stability of Landfill Slopes; Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste, ASCE, 18(1), 27–37.

  10. Santhosh, L G and Sivakumar Babu G L (2014) Reliability of the liner system using the response surface method, Environmental Geotechnics, ICE Publishing.

  11. Sivakumar Babu G L and Ram Babu (2014) Numerical Analysis of Response of Geocell Confined Flexible Pavement, Geotechnical Engineering Journal of the SEAGS & AGSSEA, 45(1), 113-117.

  12. Munwar Basha B and Sivakumar Babu G L (2014) Reliability-based load and resistance factor design approach for external seismic stability of reinforced soil walls, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering. Elsevier Publications, Vol. 60, 8-21.

  13. Neeraja, V S, Geetha Manjari and Sivakumar Babu G L (2014) Numerical Analysis of Effect of Anisotropy of Fibers on Stress-strain Response of Fiber Reinforced Soil, International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Maney Publishing (in print)

  14. Sandeep Kumar Chouksey and Sivakumar Babu G L (2014) A Constitutive Model for the Strength Characteristics of Municipal Solid Waste, International Journal of Geomechanics, ASCE (in print).

  15. Deepthi, M D and Sivakumar Babu G L (2014) Influence of Spatial Variability on Pavement Responses Using Latin Hypercube Sampling on 2D Random Fields, ASCE J. Materials. Eng.(in print).

  16. Sivakumar Babu G L and J Raja (2014) Strength and Deformation Characteristics of Fly ash mixed with Randomly distributed Plastic Waste ASCE J. Materials. Eng.(in print)

  17. Deepthi, M D., Ravi, P., and Sivakumar Babu, G.L (2013). System Reliability Analysis of Flexible Pavements. Journal of Transportation Engineering, ASCE., 139(10), 1001-1009.

  18. Deepthi, M D and G L Sivakumar Babu (2013) A Methodology for Pavement Design Evaluation and Back analysis using Markov chain Monte Carlo Simulation, Journal of Transportation Engineering, ASCE J. Transp. Eng., 139(1), 65-74.

  19. Babu Sivakumar G L and J Raja (2013) Rehabilitation of distressed retaining walls using soil nails, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Ground Improvement 166 Month 2013 Issue GI1 (in print).

  20. Krishna R. Reddy, Hanumanth S. Kulkarni, Amit Srivastava and G.L. Sivakumar Babu (2013) Influence Of Spatial Variation Of Hydraulic Conductivity Of Municipal Solid Waste On Performance Of Bioreactor Landfill, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering. posted ahead of print March 22, 2013. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000930

  21. Babu Sivakumar G L , Krishna R. Reddy and Amit Srivastava (2013) Influence of Spatially Variable Geotechnical Properties of MSW on Stability of Landfill Slopes; Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste, posted ahead of print December 12, 2012. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)HZ.2153-5515.0000177.

  22. Babu Sivakumar, G L, S K Chouskey and Krishna R. Reddy (2013) Approach for the use of MSW settlement predictions in the assessment of landfill capacity based on reliability analysis, Waste Management 33 (2013) 2029-2034.

  23. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2012). Target reliability based optimization for internal seismic stability of reinforced soil structures, Geotechnique, 62(1): 55-68.

  24. Sumanta Haldar and G. L. Sivakumar Babu (2012) Response of vertically loaded pile in clay: A probabilistic study, Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, Springer Volume 30, Number 1 (2012), 187-196.

  25. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2011). Seismic reliability assessment of internal stability of reinforced soil walls using pseudo-dynamic method. Geosynthetics International. 18(5): 221-241.

  26. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2011) Reliability based earthquake resistant design for internal stability of reinforced soil structures Geotechnical and Geological Engineering. Springer 29(5):803-820.

  27. Amit Srivastava and G. L. Sivakumar Babu (2011) Deflection and Buckling of buried flexible pipe-soil system in a spatially variable soil profile, Geomechanics and Engineering Journal, Techno Press 3(3), 169-188.

  28. G.L. Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2011) Reliability based load and resistance factors for soil nail walls, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 48(6): 915-930.

  29. Amit Srivastava and G L Sivakumar Babu (2010) Total Risk Rating and Stability Analysis of Embankment Dams in the Kachchh Region, Gujarat, India Engineering Geology, Elsevier Publications, Volume 115, Issues 1-2, 68-79.

  30. G L Sivakumar Babu, Amit Srivastava and P V Sivapullaiah (2010) Reliability Analysis of Strength of Cement Treated Soils, Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards. (in print).

  31. G L Sivakumar Babu and Amit Srivastava (2010) Reliability analysis of earth dams, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering ASCE. 136(7), 995-998.

  32. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2010) Reliability analyses of a prototype soil nail wall using regression models, Geomechanics and Engineering, An International Journal, Techno Press Publication (accepted).

  33. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2010). Reliability Assessment of Internal Stability of Reinforced Soil Structures: A Pseudo-Dynamic Approach. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 30(5): 336 - 353.

  34. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2010) Reliability based study on seismic stability of soil nail walls, Journal of South East Geotechnical Society, Bangkok (in print).

  35. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2010). Optimum Design for External Seismic Stability of Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil Walls: A Reliability Based Approach. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering ASCE. Vol. 136, No. 6,797-812.

  36. Satyanarayana Murty Dasaka and G L Sivakumar Babu (2010). Effect of Spatial correlation Structure and Transformation Model on the Design of Shallow Strip Footing. Geomechanics and Geoengineering: An International Journal Vol. 5, No. 2, June 2010, 91-97.

  37. Amit Srivastava, G L Sivakumar Babu and Sumanta Haldar (2010). Influence of spatial variability of permeability property on steady state seepage flow and slope stability analysis. Engineering Geology, Elsevier Publications vol. 110, Issues 3-4, 93-101.

  38. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2010). Optimum Design of Bridge Abutments under Seismic Conditions: A Reliability Based Approach. Journal Bridge Engineering ASCE, 15(2), pp. 183-195.

  39. G L Sivakumar Babu, and Amit Srivastava (2010). Reliability Analysis of Buried Flexible Pipe-Soil Systems. Journal Of Pipeline Systems Engineering And Practice, ASCE .Volume 1, Issue 1, pp. 33-41.

  40. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2010). Load and resistance factor design (LRFD) approach for the reliability-based seismic design of bridge abutments. Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards. (In print).

  41. Amit Srivastava and G L Sivakumar Babu (2009). Effect of soil variability on the bearing capacity of clay and in slope stability problems, accepted for publication, Journal of Engineering Geology, Elsevier publications, Volume 108, Issues 1-2, 142-152.

  42. Sumanta Haldar and G L Sivakumar Babu (2009) Probabilistic seismic design of pile foundations in non-liquefiable soil by response spectrum approach, Journal of Earthquake Engineering Taylor & Francis Vol. 13, 737-757.

  43. Sumanta Haldar and G L Sivakumar Babu (2009) Design of laterally loaded piles in clays based on cone penetration test data: a reliability-based approach, Geotechnique Thomas Teford, 59, 1 to 14.

  44. Munwar B Basha, and G L Sivakumar Babu (2009) Seismic reliability assessment of external stability of reinforced soil walls using pseudo-dynamic method, Geosynthetics International, vol 16. (3): 197 to 215.

  45. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2009) Deformation and stability regression models for soil nailing, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Thomas Teford, 162, 1-11.

  46. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2009) Reliability analysis of soil nail walls, Journal of Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards, Taylor & Francis, 3(1),44-54.

  47. Dasaka, S.M. and G L Sivakumar Babu (2008). Reliability analysis of allowable pressure of strip footing in cohesionless soil, Geotechnical Engineering Journal, South East Geotechnical Society, Bangkok, 39(2), 77-85.

  48. Sumanta Haldar and G L Sivakumar Babu (2008) Reliability measures for pile foundations based on cone penetration data, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 45, 1699-1714.

  49. Sumanta Haldar and G L Sivakumar Babu (2008) Probabilistic analysis of load-settlement response from pile load tests, Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards, Taylor & Francis 2(2), 79-91.

  50. Sumanta Haldar and G L Sivakumar Babu (2008) Effect of soil spatial variability on the response of laterally loaded pile in undrained clay, Computers and Geotechnics, Elsevier Ltd . 35(4), 537 to 547.

  51. Sumanta Haldar and G L Sivakumar Babu (2008) Load Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) of Axially Loaded Pile Based Upon Load Test Results, ASCE Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering , 134(8), 1106-1117.

  52. G L Sivakumar Babu and B Munwar Basha, (2008) Optimum design of cantilever retaining walls using target reliability approach, ASCE Journal of International Journal of Geomechanics,8(4), 240-252.

  53. Munwar B Basha, and G.L. Sivakumar Babu (2008) Target reliability based design optimization of anchored cantilever sheet pile walls, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 45, 535-545.

  54. G L Sivakumar Babu and D. S. N Murthy (2007) Effect of spatial correlation of cone tip resistance on the bearing capacity of shallow foundations, Geotechnical and Geological Engineering journal, Springer, Netherlands. 26:37-46.

  55. G L Sivakumar Babu and Srivastava A and Sahana V (2007) Analysis of stability of earthen dams in Kachchh region, Gujarat, India, Engineering Geology, Elsevier Ltd., 94, 123-136.

  56. G L Sivakumar Babu and Srivastava A (2007) Reliability analysis of allowable pressure on shallow foundation using response surface method, Computers and Geotechnics, Elsevier Ltd. 34(3), 187-194.

  57. G L Sivakumar Babu and B. Munwar basha (2007) Optimum design of cantilever sheet pile walls in sandy soils using inverse reliability approach, Computers and Geotechnics, Elsevier Ltd. 35(2):134-143.

  58. G L Sivakumar Babu, B. R. Srinivasa Murthy and Seshagiri Rao, R (2006) Reliability analysis of deflection of buried flexible pipes, Journal of Transportation Engineering, American Society for Civil engineers, 132(10), 829-836.

  59. G L Sivakumar Babu and Amit Srivastava and D S N Murthy (2006) Reliability analysis of bearing capacity of shallow foundation resting on cohesive soil, Canadian Geotechnical Journal 43(2), 217-223.

  60. G L Sivakumar Babu and R S Rajaparthy (2005) Reliability measures for buried flexible pipes, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 42( 2) 541-549.

  61. G L Sivakumar Babu and D S N Murthy (2005) Reliability analysis of unsaturated slopes, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, American Society for Civil engineers ASCE, 131(11),1423-1429.

  62. G L Sivakumar Babu and M. D. Mukesh (2004) Effect of soil variability on reliability of soil slopes, Geotechnique, 54( 5), 335-337.

  63. G L Sivakumar Babu and M. D. Mukesh (2003) Risk analysis of landslides, -A case study, International Journal of Geotechnical and Geological Engineering 21(2), 113-127.

  64. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2010). Soil nailing for rehabilitation of RE wall distress, Journal of Ground Improvement. Thomas Telford, UK (accepted for publication)

  65. G L Sivakumar Babu and S K Chouskey (2010) Model for analysis of fiber reinforced clayey soil, Geomechanics and Geoengineering Journal, Taylor & Francis, 5(4), 277-285.

  66. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2010). Adequacy of soil nails field pullout tests. Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards, 4 (2), 93-98.

  67. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2010). 2D Numerical Simulations of Soil Nail Walls, Geotechnical and Geological Engineering Journal, Springer Science publications (published online Geotech Geol Eng, DOI 10.1007/s10706-009-9292-x).

  68. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2010) Soil Nail Field Pullout Testing: Evaluation and Applications, International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, J. Ross Publishing Inc. 4(1), 13-21.

  69. Sumanta Haldar and G L Sivakumar Babu (2009). Ground improvement of machine foundation, Journal of Ground Improvement. Thomas Telford, UK Vol. 162(4),199-204.

  70. Amit Srivastava and G L Sivakumar Babu (2009). Analysis and design of reinforced earth wall for shore protection system against tsunami, science of tsunami hazards, the international journal of the tsunami society, 28(3)186-204.

  71. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vasudevan A K (2008) Strength and stiffness response of coir reinforced tropical soils, ASCE Journal Materials in Civil Engineering, 20 (9), 571-577.

  72. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vasudevan A K (2008) Seepage velocity and piping resistance of coir fiber mixed soils, ASCE Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. 134(4), 495- 492.

  73. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vasudevan A K (2008) Use of coir fibers for improving the engineering properties of expansive soils, Journal of natural fibers, Haworth Press, Inc. 5(1), 61-75.

  74. G L Sivakumar Babu, Vasudevan A K and Sumanta Haldar (2007) Numerical simulation of fiber reinforced sand behavior, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Elsevier Ltd. 26,181-188.

  75. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vasudevan A K (2007) Evaluation of strength and stiffness response of coir fibre reinforced soil, Journal of Ground Improvement. Thomas Telford, UK, 11(3), 111-116.

  76. Sivakumar Babu G L, Seshagiri Rao, R and D. S. N Murthy (2007) Stabilization of vertical cut supporting a retaining wall using soil-nailing technique - A case study, Journal of Ground Improvement. Thomas Telford, UK, 11(3), 157-162.

  77. G L Sivakumar Babu and Srivastava A (2007) A Procedure for the design of protective filters, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 44, 490-495.

  78. G L Sivakumar Babu, A. Sridharan and K. Kishore Babu (2003) Composite Reinforcement for Reinforced Soil Applications, Soils and Foundations, 43(2), 123-128.

  79. G L Sivakumar Babu, B M Srinivasa Rao and A. Sridharan (2002) Bearing capacity improvement using composite geogrids, American Society for Testing of Materials, ASTM, Journal of Testing and Evaluation, 30(4), 362-266.

  80. G L Sivakumar Babu. Srinivasa Murthy, B R. and A. Srinivas (2002) Analysis of construction factors influencing the behavior of soil-nailed retaining walls, Journal of Ground Improvement, 6(3), 137-143.

  81. Srinivasa Murthy, B R., G L Sivakumar Babu and A. Srinivas (2002) Analysis of prototype soil nailed retaining wall, Journal of Ground Improvement, 6(3), 129-137.

  82. Srinivasa Murthy B R, G L Sivakumar Babu, and A. Srinivas (2002) Analysis of bearing capacity improvement using micropiles, Journal of Ground Improvement, 6(3), 121-128.

  83. Amit Srivastava, and G.L. Sivakumar Babu (2011) Analytical solutions for the protective filters based on soil retention and permeability criteria with respect to phenomenon of soil boiling, Canadian Geotechnical Journal 48: 956-969.

  84. G L Sivakumar Babu and S K Chouskey (2011). Analytical model for stress-strain response of plastic waste mixed soil, Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management, ASCE

  85. G L Sivakumar Babu and S K Chouskey (2011). Parametric Study of MSW Landfill Settlement Model, Waste Management Elsevier Publications (in print)

  86. G L Sivakumar Babu and S K Chouskey (2010). Stress-strain response of plastic waste mixed soil, Waste Management Elsevier Publications (in print)

  87. G L Sivakumar Babu, R Krishna Reddy and Sandeep Kumar Chouksey (2010). Constitutive Model for Municipal Solid Waste Incorporating Mechanical Creep and Biodegradation-Induced Compression. Waste Management Journal, Elsevier publications 30 (1), 11 to 22.

  88. G L Sivakumar Babu, Reddy Krishna, R, Sandeep Kumar Chouksey and Hanumanth Kulkarni (2010) Prediction of Long-term Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Settlement Using Constitutive Model, Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management, ASCE vol.14(2),139-150.

  89. G L Sivakumar Babu, Peter J and Rajaparthy S Rao (2005) Evaluation of shear strength functions based on Soil Water Characteristic Curves, Journal of Testing and Evaluation, American Society for Testing of Materials, 33(6), 461-465.

  90. G L Sivakumar Babu, Peter J, Mukesh MD, Gartung E (2005) Significance of Soil Suction and Soil Water Characteristic Curve Parameters, Geotechnical Testing Journal, American Society for Testing of Materials, 28(1), 102-107.

  91. G L Sivakumar Babu, H. Sporer, H. Zanzinger and E. Gartung (2001) Self healing properties of Geosynthetic clay liners, Geosynthetics International Journal, 8(5), 461-470.

  92. G L Sivakumar Babu and Patrick J. Fox (2000) Model for capillarity induced radial flow in cohesionless soils, American Society for Testing of Materials, ASTM, 23 (3), 369-376.

  93. G L Sivakumar Babu, Pandian, N.S., and Nagaraj, T.S. (1994): A re-examination of permeability index of clays, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol.30 (1), 187-191.

  94. Pandian, N.S., Nagaraj, T.S. and G L Sivakumar Babu (1993): Behaviour of tropical clays, Part I: Index properties and microstructural considerations, Journal of Geotechnical engineering, ASCE, vol.119, no.5, 826-839.

  95. Pandian, N.S., Nagaraj, T.S. and G L Sivakumar Babu(1993): Behaviour of tropical clays, Part II: Engineering behaviour, J. of Geotech. Engg., ASCE, vol.119 (5), 840-861.

  96. Pandian, N.S., Nagaraj, T.S. and G L Sivakumar Babu (1992): State parameter for partly saturated tropical residual soils, Journal of Geotechnical engg., ASCE, vol.118(4), 622-627.

  97. Pandian, N.S., Nagaraj, T.S., and G L Sivakumar Babu (1991): Effect of drying on the engineering behaviour of Cochin marine clays, Geotechnique, vol.41 (1), 143-147.

  98. Sivakumar Babu G L, Amit Srivastava, K S Nanjunda Rao and S Venkatesha (2010) Analysis and Design of vibration isolation system using open trenches, International Journal of Geomechanics, ASCE (accepted for publication)

  99. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2010). Optimum Design of Bridge Abutments under High Seismic Loading using Modified Pseudo-Static Method. Journal Earthquake Engineering, Taylor & Fransis 14(6): 874- 897.

  100. Sumanta Haldar and G L Sivakumar Babu (2010). Failure mechanisms of pile foundations in liquefiable soil: A parametric study. International Journal of Geomechanics, ASCE, 10(2), pp. 74-84.

  101. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2010). Seismic Rotational Displacements of Gravity Walls by Pseudo-Dynamic Method with Curved Rupture Surface. International Journal of Geomechanics ASCE, Vol. 10, No. 3, 93-105.

  102. B Munwar Basha, and G L Sivakumar Babu (2009). Analysis of passive pressure computations and their implications in retaining wall design. International Journal of Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering (IJGEE), IGI Global journal June 2009 (in print).

  103. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2009). Earthquake resistant design of reinforced soil structures using pseudo-static method. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2 (3): 565-572.

  104. Munwar B Basha, and G L Sivakumar Babu (2009). Computation of sliding displacements of bridge abutments by pseudo-dynamic method, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering. Elsevier Ltd, 29, 103 to 120.

  105. Sumanta Haldar, G L Sivakumar Babu and S Bhattacharya (2008) Buckling and bending response of slender piles in liquefiable soils during earthquakes, Geomechanics and Geoengineering Journal, Taylor & Francis, 3(2), 129-143.


  106. National Journals


  107. Lekshmi Suku, Asha M Nair, Pratibha R and G.L. Sivakumar Babu (2014) Effect of Non-Linear Behaviour of Materials in Pavement Design, submitted to Indian Roads Congress Journal.

  108. Pawan Kumar, Deepthi Dilip and G.L. Sivakumar Babu (2014) Critical appraisal of correlations between CBR and subgrade modulus, Journal of the Indian Roads Congress, January-March 2014.

  109. G.L. Sivakumar Babu, Pratibha Ramesh, Lekshmi Suku, and Deepthi M.D (2014) Response of aggregates to cyclic loading submitted to Indian Roads Congress Journal.

  110. Jyothi P Menon and G.L. Sivakumar Babu (2014) Design and analysis of geocell reinforced unpaved roads, Journal of Indian Roads Congress.

  111. Pratibha Ramesh and G.L.Sivakumar Babu (2014) Design and construction of pavements using geosynthetic reinforcement submitted to Indian Roads, Congress Journal.

  112. A. Kumar R. Dand P. Lakshmikanthan and G. L. Sivakumar Babu (2014) Methane Production Quantification and Energy Estimation for Bangalore Municipal Solid Waste, J. Inst. Eng. India Ser. A (January–March 2014) 95(1):19–27

  113. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2013). Reliability based LRFD approach for external stability of reinforced soil walls. Indian Geotechnical Journal 43(4): 292-302.

  114. Raja J and G L Sivakumar Babu (2013) Bamboo as subgrade reinforcement for low volume roads on soft soils, Journal of Indian Roads Congress, Indian Highways, June, 29-38.

  115. Deepthi, M D., Ravi, P., and Sivakumar Babu, G.L (2012). Life cycle cost analysis of long lasting pavements, Journal of Journal of Indian Roads Congress, Indian Highways, April, 13-22.

  116. G L Sivakumar Babu and Pawan Kumar (2012) An approach for evaluation of Geocells in flexible pavements, Journal of Indian Roads Congress Paper No: 578, Journal of Indian Roads Congress, 159-168.

  117. G L Sivakumar Babu and Amit Srivastava (2010) Reliability Analysis of Gravity Retaining Wall System using Response Surface Methodology, Indian Geotechnical Journal, 40(2), 2010, 124-128.

  118. Vikas Pratap Singh and G L Sivakumar Babu (2010) Reliability Based LRFD for Shallow Foundations, Indian Geotechnical Journal, 40(1), 2010, 135 144.

  119. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2009) Stability analysis of soil nail wall design, Indian Geotechnical Journal, 3(1), 10-19.

  120. Sivakumar Babu G L and Vikas Pratap Singh (2009) Appraisal of prototype soil nail wall, Consulting Ahead, Journal of Consultancy Development Centre, 39(1), 96-115.

  121. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2009) Numerical analysis of performance of soil nail walls in seismic conditions, Journal of Earthquake Technology, Indian Society for Earthquake Technology, 45(1-2), 31-40.

  122. G L Sivakumar Babu and Amit Srivastava (2009) Allowable bearing pressure on clays-reliability based approach, Indian Geotechnical Journal, 39(2), 216- 226.

  123. G L Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2008) Finite Element Analyses of Prototype Soil-Nailed Walls - A Case Study, Highway Research Board Journal of Indian Roads Congress, 1(1), 99-106.

  124. Mamatha Shetty, Sumanta Haldar and G L Sivakumar Babu (2005) Behaviour of laterally loaded Piles-A Case Study, Indian Geotechnical Journal, 35(1), 131-143.

  125. Mamatha Shetty, Sumanta Haldar and G L Sivakumar Babu (2004) Statnamic testing of piles-A Case Study, Indian Geotechnical Journal, 34(4), 339-357.

  126. G L Sivakumar Babu and Rajaparthy S Rao (2005) Analysis of earthquake induced displacements of embankments, Indian Geotechnical Journal, 35(4), 349-364.

  127. G L Sivakumar Babu and D S N Murthy (2003) Reliability based seismic stability of soil slopes, Indian Geotechnical Journal, 33(3), 233-247.

  128. G L Sivakumar Babu, V K Renjith, R Seshagiri Rao and B R Srinivasa Murhy (2003) Finite element analysis of buried flexible pipes, Indian Geotechnical Journal, 33(2), 124-143.

  129. G L Sivakumar Babu. and M. D. Mukesh (2002) Characterization of soil spatial variability and its influence on slope stability, Indian Geotechnical Journal, 32(2), 123-145.

  130. Jagannatha Rao, G. L.Sivakumar Babu, Kishor kumar and Panigrahi, R.K.(1998) Investigation, instrumentation and monitoring of landslide at Powari, Kinnaur District, H.P.-A case study, Journal of Indian Road Congress, 291-315.

  131. G L Sivakumar Babu (1998) Reliability of landfill slopes: Indian Geotechnical Journal, 28(3), 297-306.

  132. Pandian, N.S., Nagaraj, T.S. and G L Sivakumar Babu (1993): Generalized state parameter for strength behaviour of partially saturated soils, Indian Geotechnical Journal, vol.23 (2), 196-207.


  133. Discussions


  134. G L Sivakumar Babu and A.K.Vasudevan (2009) Reply to Discussion of "evaluation of strength and stiffness response of coir-fibre-reinforced soil". Journal of Ground Improvement. Thomas Telford, UK

  135. G L Sivakumar Babu, A.K.Vasudevan and Sandeep Kumar Chouksey (2009) Reply to Discussion of strength and stiffness response of coir reinforced tropical soils, ASCE Journal Materials in Civil Engineering.

  136. G L Sivakumar Babu and Amit Srivatsava (2008) Reply to discussion by Delgado and Payotos on a procedure for the design of protective filters, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 45, 440-441.

  137. G L Sivakumar Babu (1999) Discussion on estimation of municipal solid waste landfill settlement, J. of Geotech. Engg., ASCE, vol.125(8), 724-725.

  138. G L Sivakumar Babu and Fox, P.J. (1997): Discussion on Municipal landfill biodegradation and settlement, Journal of Environmental Engineering, ASCE, vol.23 (5), 521.

  139. G L Sivakumar Babu., Pandian, N.S. and Nagaraj, T.S. (1992): Discussion on Influence of structure and composition on residual soils, J Geotech Engg., ASCE, 118(2), 346-348.


  140. Geotechnical Special Publications (GSP)


  141. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2013). Calibration of Reliability Based Load and Resistance Factors for External Seismic Stability of Reinforced Soil Walls. Seismic Design and Performance of Geosynthetic-Reinforced Earth Structures, Geo-Congress 2013 San Diego, California, USA.

  142. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2013). System Reliability Based Load Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) for External Seismic Stability of Reinforced Soil Walls. "Foundation Engineering in the Face of Uncertainty" ASCE GSP for Honoring Professor Fred H. Kulhawy.

  143. Sandeep Kumar Chouksey, GL Sivakumar Babu and Krishna Reddy. (2012). Settlement Analysis of MSW based on Constitutive Modeling Approach. Geocongress 2012 ASCE, Oakland CA, March 25 - 29.

  144. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2011). Influence of Strain Localization on Reliability Based Design of Bridge Abutments using Pseudo-Dynamic Method. In Geo-Frontiers - 2011, 13-16 March 2011, Dallas, Texas USA (Accepted).

  145. B. Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2010). Load Resistance Factor Design for External Seismic Stability of Reinforced Soil Walls. In GeoFlorida, Advances in Analysis, Modeling & Design, ASCE Geotechnical Special Publication, 199: 2113-2122, , February 20-24, 2010 West Palm Beach, Florida, USA.

  146. B Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2009) Reliability Based Design optimization for internal stability of reinforced soil structures using Pseudo-static Method. Contemporary Topics In Situ Testing, Analysis, and Reliability of foundations, International Foundation Congress and Expo, Orlando, American Society of Civil Engineers, ASCE GSP 186, 364-371.

  147. B Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2008). Seismic Passive Earth Pressure Coefficients by Pseudo-Dynamic Method using Composite Failure Mechanism Geo Congress 2008, Geo-sustainability and geohazard mitigation, Proceedings of selected sessions of Geocongress, Geotechnical Special Publication No.178, 343-350.

  148. Amit Srivastava and G L Sivakumar Babu (2008).Effect of spatial variation of soil properties on the slope stability analysis, Geo Congress 2008, Geo-sustainability and geohazard mitigation, Proceedings of selected sessions of Geocongress, Geotechnical Special Publication No.178, 343-350.

  149. B Munwar Basha and G L Sivakumar Babu (2007). Reliability based design optimization of gravity retaining walls. Probabilistic Applications in Geotechnical Engineering, GSP 170 ASCE (GeoDenver - 2007 ), pp: 1-10.


Published in Conference Proceedings


  1. Geetha Manjari and G L Sivakumar Babu (2012) Probabilistic analysis of shear behaviour of fiber reinforced red soil, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference.

  2. Lakshmikanthan, Sandeep K Chouskey and G L Sivakumar Babu (2012) Municipal Solid Waste Characteristics and Their Influence on Stability of Dump, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference

  3. Amit Srivastava and G L Sivakumar Babu (2012).Stability analysis of 18 m deep excavation using micro piles, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference.

  4. Raja J and G L Sivakumar Babu (2012).A study on the desiccation behaviour of land fill liners using Variably Saturated Fly ash Mixed with Plastic Waste and Geogrid Waste and Modelling for the Design of Landfill Liners. Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference.

  5. Sandeep Kumar Chouksey and GL Sivakumar Babu. (2012). Reliability Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Settlement. International Symposium on Engineering under Uncertainty: Safety Assessment and management, January 4 - 6, Kolkata pg 36 - 44.

  6. G L Sivakumar Babu, Sandeep Kumar Chouksey and lakshmikantha (2012). Integrity and stability of Geosynthetic Clay Liners and Barriers. ASCE workshop at Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India, February 25, 2012.

  7. G L Sivakumar Babu, Sandeep Kumar Chouksey (2010). Strength and compressibility response of plastic waste mixed soil. Indian Geotechnical Conference (2010, Dec 16-18).

  8. G L Sivakumar Babu, Krishina Reddy and Sandeep Kumar Chouksey. (2010). Constitutive model for MSW considering creep and biodegradation effects. 6ICEG International Conference at New Delhi, November – 2010, 451-456

  9. Sivakumar Babu G L (2009) Case studies in soil nailing, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Vol.1, Guntur,582-585.

  10. Sivakumar Babu G L and Amit Srivastava (2009) Case studies in soil nailing, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Vol.1, Guntur,582-585.

  11. Sandeep Kumar Chouksey and G L Sivakumar Babu (2009) Constitutive model for considering time efects in clay soils, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Vol.1, Guntur,3-6.

  12. Munwar Basha B and G L Sivakumar Babu (2009) The infuence of strain localization and phase on the estimation of earth pressures by pseudo-static method, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Vol.1, Guntur,779-782.

  13. Sivakumar Babu, G L, Murthy BRS and Vikas Pratap SIngh (2009). Forensic analysis on RE wall distress: a case study. In CD-ROM Proceedings of the National Workshop on Forensic Geotechnical Engineering (FGE), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, September 12, pp. 29-38.

  14. Sivakumar Babu, G L and Vikas Pratap SIngh (2009). Simulation of soil nail structures using PLAXIS 2D. Plaxis Bulletin, The Netherlands, Spring 2009, No. 25, pp. 16-21.

  15. Amit Srivastava and Sivakumar Babu G. L. (2009). Reliability analysis based selection criteria for granular filters. Long term behavior of dams (LTBD09), 2nd International conference on large dams, Graz, Austria, Europe.

  16. Sivakumar Babu, G L and Amit Srivatsava (2009) Back analysis of the Chang dam section in the Kachchh region of Gujarat, India, International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (17 ICSMGE), Alexandria, Egypt (in print).

  17. Munwar Basha. B and Sivakumar Babu G. L. (2009) Seismic stability analysis of reinforced soil structures using pseudo-static method, International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (17 ICSMGE), Alexandria, Egypt (in print).

  18. Munwar Basha B and G. L. Sivakumar Babu (2009). Seismic stability analysis of reinforced soil structures using pseudo-static method. 2nd Young Indian Geotechnical Conference, Kakinada, A.P. 14 - 15 March 2009: 107-110.

  19. Dasaka Satyanarayana Murty and Sivakumar Babu G. L. (2008) Allowable pressure of strip footing in spatially varying cohesionless Soil-A Probabilistic Approach. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference of International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (IACMAG) Goa, India,1619-1626.

  20. Munwar Basha. B and Sivakumar Babu G. L. (2008) Reliability based design Optimization of bridge abutments using pseudo-dynamic Method, Proceedings of the 12th International Conference of International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (IACMAG) Goa, India, 2867-2874.

  21. Sumanta Haldar,G. L. Sivakumar Babu and Subhamoy Bhattacharya (2008) Probabilistic approach of design of pile foundations in non- liquefiable soils under seismic loading, Proceedings of the 12th International Conference of International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (IACMAG) Goa, India,3424-3432.

  22. Sivakumar Babu, G L and Amit Srivatsava (2008) Response Surface Methodology (RSM) in the Reliability Analysis of Geotechnical Systems, Proceedings of the 12th International Conference of International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (IACMAG) Goa, India, 4147-4155.

  23. Sumanta Haldar, A. K. Vasudevan and G. L. Sivakumar Babu. (2008). Simulation of randomly oriented coir fiber reinforced soil with FLAC3D In Proc. of the 1st Intl. FLAC/DEM Symposium on Numerical Modeling, Minneapolis, MN USA, (CD ROM Proceedings).

  24. Haldar S and G L Sivakumar Babu (2008) Reliability based design of laterally loaded pile: Load Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) approach, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Bangalore, vol.1, 538-542.

  25. Vikas Pratap Singh and G L Sivakumar Babu (2008) Reliability based assessment of performance of soil nailed wall under seismic conditions, approach, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Bangalore, vol.1, 551-555.

  26. Munwar Basha B and G L Sivakumar Babu (2008) Load resistance factor design (LRFD) of cantilever retaining walls, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Bangalore, vol.1, 575-579.

  27. G. L. Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2007). Numerical analysis of soil nailed walls. In Proceedings of the DST short term course on Application of Centrifuge Modelling to Geotechnical Engineering Practice, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, November 13-15, pp. 68-81.

  28. G. L. Sivakumar Babu and Vikas Pratap Singh (2007). Use of soil nailing for excavation stability and slope stability improvement - analysis of case studies. In CD-ROM Proceedings of the Prof. TS Nagaraj Memorial National Seminar Geotechnics for Infrastructure, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, September 28-29

  29. Sumanta Haldar and G. L. Sivakumar Babu. (2007).Ultimate capacity of pile foundation on spatially random cohesive soil, 10th International Conference on Application of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering. IACSP10. Tokyo, Japan.

  30. Sumanta Haldar and G. L. Sivakumar Babu. (2005).Reliability analysis of single pile subjected to lateral random excitation Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Structural Safety and Reliability, Rome, Italy, 154, (CD ROM Proceedings).

  31. Sumanta Haldar, G. L. Sivakumar Babu and S. Bhattacharya. (2007). "Buckling and Bending of Slender Piles in Liquefiable Soils during Earthquakes: A Probabilistic Analysis." Proceedings of the International Workshop on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering, Department of Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur, India. 319-343.

  32. Sivakumar Babu, G L and A K Vasudevan (2007) Effect of coir fibres on engineering properties of compacted Soil in Proceedings of International Symposium on Earthen Structures, Bangalore, 272-278.

  33. Munwar Basha. B and Sivakumar Babu G. L. (2007). Target reliability based design optimization of cantilever retaining walls. 13th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics & Geotechnical Engineering, Kolkata, 1121-1124.

  34. Sumanta Haldar and G. L. Sivakumar Babu. (2007). Reliability based design of pile foundations based on Cone Penetration Test Data. First Indian Young Geotechnical Engineers Conference (FIYGEC) Hyderabad, 306-313.

  35. Munwar Basha. B and Sivakumar Babu G. L. (2007). Analysis of cantilever sheet pile walls using inverse reliability method. First Indian Young Geotechnical Engineers Conference (FIYGEC), Hyderabad, 261-268.

  36. A K Vasudevan and G L Sivakumar Babu (2007) Non-linear analysis of strength behavior of coir fiber reinforced soil, Proceedings of Geotechnical Engineering Experiences and Practices, GEOTECHNICA 2007, May 18-19, New Delhi, 265-270.

  37. G L Sivakumar Babu and Singh VP (2007). Stabilization of vertical-cut using soil-nailing - a numerical analysis. Proceedings of Geotechnical Engineering Experiences and Practices, GEOTECHNICA 2007, New Delhi, May 18-19, 347-355.

  38. Vasudevan A.K. and Sivakumar Babu G.L (2006) Effect of coir fibers on seepage velocity of soils, Proceedings of the Indian Geotechnical Conference-2006, Chennai, vol.1, 335-338.

  39. A.K.Vasudevan and Sivakumar Babu G.L (2006) Evaluation of strength of coir fiber reinforced black cotton soil Proceedings of the International Conference on infrastructure development on expansive soils, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India, 275-283.

  40. Sivakumar Babu G L and B Munwar Basha (2006). Inverse reliability based design optimization of cantilever retaining walls. 3rd International ASRANet Colloquium, Glasgow, UK. 1- 10.

  41. Sivakumar Babu, G L and Amit Srivatsava (2005) Analysis of shoreline protection works in the Tsunami hit areas of East Coast of India, Proceedings of International Conf. on Geotechnical engineering for disaster mitigation, Singapore, 429-436.

  42. Sivakumar Babu, G L and Sumanta Haldar (2005) Reliability analysis of single pile subjected to lateral random excitation, Proceedings the 9th International Conference on Structural Safety and Reliability, Rome, Italy, 154, (CD ROM Proceedings)

  43. Sivakumar Babu, G L Dasaka S M and R S Rao (2005) Reliability analysis of allowable pressure of strip footing in spatially varying cohesionless soil, Proceedings the 9th International Conference on Structural Safety and Reliability, Rome, Italy, 158 (CD ROM Proceedings).

  44. Sivakumar Babu, G L and A K Vasudevan (2005) Strength and stiffness behaviour of coir-fibre reinforced soil, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference,vol.2, Ahmedabad, 241-245.

  45. Sivakumar Babu, G L (2005) Risk assessment in Forensic geotechnical Engineering, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, vol.2, Ahmedabad, 157-160.

  46. Sivakumar Babu, G L and Sahdev Shastry (2004) Reliability based Geotechnical designs, Proceedings of International Workshop on risk assessment in site characterization and Geotechnical design, Bangalore, 110-123.

  47. Seshagiri Rao, R, G L Sivakumar Babu and B. R. Srinivasa Murthy (2004) Sensitivity and Reliability analysis of buried flexible pipes, Proceedings of International Workshop on risk assessment in site characterization and Geotechnical design, Bangalore, 150-159.

  48. Sivakumar Babu, G L R Seshagiri Rao, D S N Murthy and P Raghuveer Rao (2004) Seismic analysis of shallow foundations resting on cohesionless soil deposit, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Warangal, 235-238.

  49. Sivakumar Babu, G L and D S N Murthy (2003) Reliability analysis of bearing capacity of shallow foundations, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Roorkee, 73-76.

  50. Sivakumar Babu, G L, H. Sporer, H. Zanzinger and E. Gartung (2002) Desiccation behaviour of selected geosynthetic clay liners, Proceedings of the International symposium on clay Geosynthetic barriers, Nuremberg, 295-302.

  51. Sivakumar Babu G L. and M. D. Mukesh (2002) Risk analysis of soil slopes, Proceedings of International workshop on Foundation Design Codes and soil Investigation in view of International harmonization and Performance based Design, Japan, 295-302.

  52. G L Sivakumar Babu, Seshagiri Rao, R, and B. R. Srinivasa Murthy (2002) Analysis of response of buried flexible pipes due to earthquakes, Proceedings of 12th Symposium on earthquake engineering, Roorkee, 507-513.

  53. Sivakumar Babu, G L, R Seshagiri Rao and B R Srinivasa Murthy (2002) Geotechnical aspects of buried pipes, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Allahabad, 533-536.

  54. M D Mukesh and G L Sivakumar Babu (2002) GIS application in locating landfill sites, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Allahabad 153-156.

  55. Murthy, D S N, M D Mukesh and G L Sivakumar Babu (2002) Spatial interpolation using kriging, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Allahabad, 90-93.

  56. Sivakumar Babu, G L (2002) Geosynthetics in landfills, Proceedings of national conf. on Appropriate technologies for industrial pollution control and Environmental Management, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, November 2002, 91-95.

  57. Sivakumar Babu, G L and R. Seshagiri Rao (2002) Risk assessment in Environmental Engineering, Proceedings of national conf. on Appropriate technologies for industrial pollution control and Environmental Management, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, November 2002, 143-147.

  58. Sivakumar Babu, G L and M D Mukesh (2002) landslide analysis in GIS, MapIndia-2002, New Delhi, India.

  59. Sivakumar Babu, G L and E. Gartung (2001) Methodology for prediction of desiccation behavior of clay liners, Clay Science for Engineering, Proc. Int. Symp. Suction, Swelling, Permeability and Structure of Clays, ed. by K. Adachi & M. Fukue, p.187-190.

  60. Sivakumar Babu, G L, H. Sporer, H. Zanzinger and E. Gartung (2001) Assessment of self healing behaviour of GCLs, Clay Science for Engineering, Proc. Int. Symp. Suction, Swelling, Permeability and Structure of Clays, (eds. K. Adachi & M. Fukue), p. 517-520.

  61. Zanzinger, H, E. Gartung and G. L. Sivakumar Babu (2001) Practical Experience in Small Scale Pullout Tests, Landmarks in earth reinforcement, Proc. of International Symposium on earth reinforcement (Eds. Ochiai et.al), 177-182.

  62. Sivakumar Babu, G L, Seshagiri Rao and Kodandaraman, M (2001) Risk assessment in landslides due to earthquakes, Proceedings of International conference on Civil Engineering, vol.1, 1028-1034.

  63. Seshagiri Rao, R, G L Sivakumar Babu and B. R. Srinivasa Murthy (2001) Reliability based design of buried flexible pipes, International Conf. on buried pipes, ASCE CD ROM proceedings.

  64. Srinivasa Murthy, B. R, G. L. Sivakumar Babu and A. Srinivas (2001) Numerical analysis of soil nailed retaining wall, Landmarks in earth reinforcement, Proc. of International Symposium on earth reinforcement (Eds. Ochiai et. al), 473-476.

  65. Sivakumar Babu, G. L, R Seshagiri Rao and V K Renjith (2001) Reliability of buried pipes in earthquake conditions, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Indore, 303-306.

  66. Sivakumar Babu, G. L, B R Srinivasa Murthy and A Srinivas (2001) Influence of construction practice on performance of soil nailed wall, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Indore, 413-416.

  67. Sivakumar Babu, G L and B. J. S. Murthy (2000) Approach for bearing capacity improvement in soft clays, 4th International Conference on Ground Improvement geosystems, Helsinki, 311-316.

  68. Henken-Mellies,W.U., Gartung, E and Sivakumar Babu, G. L.(2000) Wasserhaushalt einer Deponie-Oberfl chenabdeckung: Vergleich von Grosslysimeter-Messungen mit HELP-Modellrechnungen, Workshop on Sickerwasser Modellierung, April 2000, Neuherberg, Germany.

  69. Sporer, H, G L Sivakumar Babu and E. Gartung (2000) Desiccation tests on Geosynthetic clay liners, Second European Geosynthetics conference, Bologna, Italy, 751-759.

  70. Sivakumar Babu, G. L, S.N. Mythili and D. Babu Rao (2000) Risk analysis of cohesive soil slopes, Proc. of Indian Geotechnical conference, Bombay, 147-150.

  71. Sivakumar Babu, G L and A.C. Bijoy (1999) Appraisal of Bishops method of slope stability analysis, Proc. of International Symp. on slope stability Engineering, Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental aspects, Shikoku, Japan, 249-252.

  72. Sivakumar Babu, G. L and S.N.Mythili (1999) Probabilistic design of retaining walls, Proc. of Geoshore International conference, Bombay, 383-387.

  73. Sivakumar Babu, G L (1999) Analysis of settlement of settlement characteristics of landfills, International Conf. on Geo Environmental Engineering, British Geotechnical Society, London, 88-94.

  74. Sivakumar Babu G L and A. C. Bijoy (1999) Analysis of safety factors in cohesive soils slopes, Indian Geotechnical Conference, Calcutta, vol.1, 287-290.

  75. Sivakumar Babu, G. L.(1997) Limit state design in Geotechnical systems, Proc of IGC-1997, Baroda , vol.1. 453-454.

  76. Jagannatha Rao, P, Panigrahi, R. K. and Sivakumar Babu G. L.(1996) Investigation and monitoring of landslide at Powari, Indian Geotechnical Conference, Madras, vol.1,615-618.

  77. Jagannatha Rao, P, Panigrahi, R.K. and Sivakumar Babu G.L.(1995) Instrumented monitoring of Powari Landslide, Indian Geotechnical Conference-1995, Bangalore, vol.1, 279-282.

  78. Sivakumar Babu, G L (1994) Prediction of engineering behaviour of tropical soils, Proceedings of second Young Asian Geotechnical Engineers Conference, AIT, Bangkok, 245-256.

  79. Jagannatha Rao, P, and Sivakumar Babu, G. L. (1994) Tunneling in Highways and Urban areas, Theme paper, Conf. On Tunnelling India, 97-100.

  80. Nagaraj, T. S., Pandian, N. S., and Sivakumar Babu, G. L. (1992) Prediction of collapse behaviour of fine grained soils, Indian Geotechnical Conference-1992, Vol.1, Calcutta, 41-46.

  81. Pandian, N. S., Nagaraj, T. S. and Sivakumar Babu, G. L. (1990) Prediction of engineering behaviour of tropical residual soils, 56th annual session, Hyderabad, 1990, Vol.1, 45-49.

  82. Pandian, N. S., Nagaraj, T. S. and Sivakumar Babu, G. L. (1989) Generalization of engineering behaviour of tropical residual tropical soils, Proc. Session CBI&P 1989, Srinagar, VIII- 4-9.

  83. Pandian, N.S., Nagaraj, T.S., Shashikumar, B.M. and Sivakumar Babu, G.L. (1988) An approach to predict tropical soil behaviour, Proc. of II International Conference on Geomechanics in tropical soils, Vol.1, Singapore, 167-173.

  84. Pandian, N.S., Nagaraj, T.S. and Sivakumar Babu, G.L. (1988) State parameter for shear strength of partly saturated soils, Indian Geotechnical Conference-1988, Vol.1, Allahabad, 51-56.

  85. Nagaraj, T.S., Pandian, N.S., and Sivakumar Babu, G.L. (1987) Analysis of shear strength behaviour of partly saturated soils, Indian Geotechnical Conference-1987, Vol.1, Bangalore, 41-46.

  86. Ramaswamy, S.V., and Sivakumar Babu, G. L. (1987) Loss of support of foundations in expansive soils, Indian Geotechnical Conference-1987, Vol.1, Bangalore, 103-106.